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However, when ever the King of Lanka was weak, the three "kingdoms" functioned as quasi-independent units fighting each other for hegemony, often allying with Indian regional princes in the Chola, Pandyan or Northern India.
The Hill country, or Malaya rata, and large parts of the wet zone effectively remained inaccessible to the ancients until they acquired steel implements circa 10-12 century and even began to make high quality steel.
The name "Sinhalé" was used when Kandasamy was crowned "Sri Wikrama Rajasinghe".
The 1815 treaty between the English and the `Adigars' of the Kandyian kingdom use the name Sinhalé therein.
The Romans used names like Salendiv (Cerendiv) closely related to the Greek name Salaka.
Arab traders (circa 7th century) used the name Serendib.
It soon became evident that the "Kandian convention" was a sham which was not being respected by the British.
The Dutch replaced the Portuguese as the Colonial power, due to events in Europe and as a consequence of treaties made by the Sinhalese king who hoped to use the Dutch to displace the Portuguese.
The Dutch did not honour the treaties, tricked the king and in their hay day ruled most of the maritime provinces of Sri lanka.
`Andra- Tamil' (andara demala, Telegu) was a language of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe's court, and as many as 1/3 of the Adigars (Chiefs) signed in Andra-Tamil.
Rajasinha himself is presented as a cruel `Malabar Ruler' in the treaty.
In this the Portuguese were supported by low-caste tamils who had been converted to Christianity already during the co-habitation of Sankili-I with the Portuguese.